Schizophrenia Disorder Treatment

Schizophrenia Disorder Treatment

Schizophrenia affects about 1 percent of the American population, says the American Psychiatric Association (APA). A chronic and severe mental health disorder, schizophrenia is characterized by a combination of cognitive, behavioral and emotional dysfunctions, and impairment in social, self-care and vocational areas of functioning.

A chronic and disabling condition, schizophrenia involves multiple complications involving thought, perception, behavior and emotion. As the disorder worsens, it gives rise to problems in thinking, emotions and behavior, including social isolation, motor impairments, depression, attention problem, depersonalization, aggression and sensory integration problems.

Schizophrenia is a complex problem so the treatment facilities for schizophrenia aim at reducing the symptoms and decreasing the chance of a relapse. An effective treatment can help people with schizophrenia lead productive and rewarding lives. Schizophrenia disorder treatment at schizophrenia rehabilitation centers involves medication, psychotherapy, psychosocial treatments and other therapies.

Schizophrenia: Causes and symptoms

As per research, schizophrenia affects both men and women equally, but may have an earlier onset in case of males. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), symptoms of schizophrenia in men usually start in the late teens to early 20s and in women, the symptoms usually appear in the late 20s to early 30s. Though the underlying causes of schizophrenia are still unclear, researches attribute the disease to various causes like genetics, biology, brain chemistry, substance use and possible viral infections.

While the earlier symptoms of schizophrenia are usually less severe, when left untreated, symptoms can worsen over time. Early signs may include unusual or odd beliefs or perceptual experiences, vague speech, unusual behavior and social withdrawal. Over time, people suffering from schizophrenia may have difficulty keeping friends, working or caring for themselves.

Similar to other mental illnesses, the duration, frequency and severity of symptoms can vary; however, the incidents of severe psychotic symptoms often decrease during a patient’s lifetime. Following are the symptoms of schizophrenia:

  • Positive symptoms
    • Hallucinations
    • Paranoid delusions
    • Distorted perceptions
    • Disorganized speech
  • Cognitive symptoms
    • Trouble focusing
    • Poor executive functioning
    • Problem with working memory
  • Negative symptoms
    • Reduced speaking
    • Diminished emotional expression
    • Difficulty beginning and sustaining activities
    • Reduced feeling of pleasure in daily activities

Individuals previously diagnosed with schizotypal or paranoid personality disorders are considered more likely to develop schizophrenia. The mental disorder is often comorbid with substance-related disorders, depressive symptoms, adjustment problems, anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and panic disorder and heightens the risk for suicide and suicidal thoughts.

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Prognosis for Schizophrenia

It is difficult to predict the mood and behavior of people with schizophrenia. People with the problem are at a risk of encountering repeated psychotic episodes, particularly during the early phase of the illness, and when they have difficulty adhering to their treatment. When medications are stopped, the symptoms are very likely to return. People with the most severe symptoms have difficulty taking care of themselves and are unable to live alone. Most of the time, medications are useful for improving the symptoms, but many people continue to have trouble functioning and need housing, job training, and other community support programs.

For the majority of people suffering from schizophrenia, there will be some symptom of the disorder that might come and go throughout their lifetime. Although some sufferers spend their entire lives in and out of treatment facilities, many individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia are able to function well and lead productive lives.

Sovereign Health of Florida

Sovereign Health of Florida offers behavioral treatment programs for adult men and women affected by mental disorders like schizophrenia, as well as substance abuse and co-occurring disorders. During admission, patients are thoroughly assessed via medical, biopsychosocial and psychiatric evaluations to accurately diagnose the patient’s condition and to identify any underlying conditions.

As part of an individualized treatment plan, patients at Sovereign Health of Florida receive evidence-based therapy and interventions, including individual psychotherapy, group therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which teach patients various methods to cope with and manage their symptoms. In addition to traditional therapies, alternative therapeutic activities like equine therapy, meditation, biofeedback and exercise are also included in our programs that teach patients effective ways to deal and manage stress and improve cognitive functioning for a holistic development. At Sovereign’s residential treatment centers for schizophrenia, patients can also learn effective social, vocational, self-care and interpersonal skills through psychoeducational groups, which can help them function better in everyday life, at work and in social situations.

At Sovereign Health, we understand the important role played by family members and caregivers in the treatment process. Therefore, as part of our schizophrenia disorder treatment, we integrate family members into patients’ treatment programs through family groups, family therapy, and an intensive family program. After the treatment, we also provide continuing care to patients and their families to receive the much-needed support and encouragement in recovery.

For more information on treatment options available for schizophrenia at Sovereign Health of Florida, call at our 24/7 helpline number 866-217-5527 or chat online to know the finest residential treatment centers for schizophrenia and treatment facilities for schizophrenia, near you.

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