Bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by intense emotional states in which people experience drastic shifts in their mood, energy, activity and behavior. The problem cannot be equated to the normal ups and downs of everyday life because periodic changes in mood gradually become a routine affair. The unusual mood changes can range from being very happy and active to being very sad and hopeless.
There are three main types of bipolar disorder that range in severity and frequency:
- Bipolar I Disorder – It is characterized by manic episodes or symptoms that may be preceded or followed by a hypomanic or major depressive episode. Symptoms of the manic episode last for at least seven days or can be severe enough to require immediate hospital care.
- Bipolar II Disorder – It is a milder form of the disorder, characterized by one or more depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode. The severity of bipolar II disorder may be just as severe as bipolar I disorder.
- Cyclothymia or cyclothymic disorder – The disorder is characterized by hypomania and depression episodes that lasts for at least two years. The symptoms do not ever fully meet the requirements for a manic, hypomanic or major depressive episode.
In addition to the three main disorder types, the other types of bipolar disorders include simultaneous episodes of opposite moods experienced during depressive, manic or hypomanic episodes.
Bipolar disorder is associated with mood episodes, including hypomania, mania, major depressive episodes and mixed episodes. For patients with bipolar disorder, dramatic mood episodes do not adhere to a set pattern and its severity differs from person to person. Mood episodes can also lead to more pronounced changes and can be accompanied by hallucinations or the presence of other psychotic and mood symptoms, such as anxiety.
An individual suffering from bipolar disorder can experience episodes of mania, depression or both manic and depressive state at the same time. A person experiencing these mood episodes may also feel changes in sleep, energy and activity. Following are some of the symptoms of manic episode:
- Risky and impulsive behavior
- Distractibility and attention problems
- Fatigue or decreased need for sleep
- Rapid or pressured speech and racing thoughts
- Psychomotor agitation and/or increased goal-directed activity
- Excessive euphoria (intense happiness, excitement or irritability)
- Exaggerated confidence and self-esteem in one’s own abilities or grandiosity
In addition, patients with major depressive episodes must have at least five of the following symptoms, with at least one symptom being depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure. Following are some of the symptoms of depressive episode.
- Irritability and restlessness
- Fatigue and sluggishness
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Depressed mood, hopelessness or sadness
- Recurrent thoughts of death and suicide
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
- Significant weight loss or weight gain or change in appetite
- Psychomotor retardation or agitation
- Difficulty thinking, focusing, remembering and making decisions
While bipolar disorder usually lasts a lifetime, mood swings and other symptoms can be managed effectively by following a well-defined treatment at certified bipolar disorder treatment centers. A comprehensive bipolar disorder treatment at certified residential treatment centers for bipolar disorder combines medication with psychotherapy.
Sovereign Health of Florida
A leader among residential treatment centers for bipolar disorder in Florida, Sovereign Health of Florida has a breadth of experience in treating mood disorders like bipolar disorder. At Sovereign Health, our team of healthcare professionals has the skill and the experience required to diagnose and treat various forms of bipolar disorders. Our treatment team specializes in diagnosing co-occurring disorders, with the purpose of addressing all the issues related to substance abuse and mental health. Post diagnosis, we ensure that each patient receives the most accurate and efficient treatment as per his or her medical history. Mental health professionals also screen for substance abuse and other mental disorders through a biopsychosocial assessment.
Sovereign Health offers an array of treatment to help alleviate symptoms, improve self-awareness and prevent relapse. Bipolar disorder treatment involves a holistic combination of FDA-approved medication and therapies. Medication helps patients control and manage their symptoms. Some of the medications usually used for treating bipolar disorder include antidepressants, mood stabilizers and atypical antipsychotics. At Sovereign Health of Florida, we offer pharmacogenetic testing that is aimed at discovering the most effective drug for the treatment of specific mental health disorders on an individualized basis.
In addition to medication and traditional therapies like cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychoeducational groups, Sovereign Health of Florida also provides Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy, cognitive remediation, Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) and experiential therapy like equine, recreation, music and art therapies. The bipolar disorder treatment at our facility may employ individual, family and group sessions to help patients bond with one other.
Sovereign Health offers evidence-based treatment for bipolar disorder along with any co-occurring conditions. We offer a combination of therapies that is customized for each individual to treat the disorder and avoid any relapse. For more information regarding bipolar disorder treatment or treatment for other mood disorders, call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866-217-5527 to speak to an admissions representative. You can also chat with our trained counselor to know about the finest bipolar disorder treatment centers, near you.
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