Most people are aware of the names of some of the more common mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, but there are lesser-known disorders that could shed light on uncommon behaviors. These conditions include the following:
1. Walking corpse syndrome – When experiencing this condition, also known as Cotard’s syndrome, a person believes that they are dead or do not exist. It has been linked to depression, chronic sleep deprivation and drug psychosis. Cotard’s syndrome draws some similarities with Capgras syndrome in which a person believes they have been replaced by an imposter. A disconnect in the brain between facial recognition and an emotional responses causes patients with both diseases to fail to recognize themselves.
2. Alice in Wonderland syndrome – Also known as micropsia, this visual neurological disease results in objects appearing smaller than they are in reality. For example, a car can seem as small as a cat. This condition is not an eye disease; rather, it is caused by problems in how the brain processes information from the eyes. Migraines are thought to be a contributor to the condition. Micropsia affects children aged five to ten and has been also linked to schizophrenia and brain tumors.
3. Erotomania – Consists of the belief or delusion on the part of the patient that a famous or high-ranking person is madly in love with them. The patient typically believes his or her admirer is communicating through telepathy or media channels. Those with erotomania reciprocate the perceived love by sending letters or planning personal visits to the unsuspecting recipient. When the famous person denies any connection and rejects advances, the patient remains convinced of the relationship.
4. Alien hand syndrome – The primary reason behind this condition is a conflict between the left and right brain or damaged brain wiring. It causes involuntary hand movements leading a person to reach and grab for items without any control. According to the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, patients have described scenarios such as making a phone call with one hand only to hang up the phone with the other hand.
5. Synesthesia – This is a neurological condition in which stimulation of one sense generates an involuntary experience in another sense. An example of synethesia is the mingling of taste and sound. For some, color and sound are combined. Since there are no negative effects it is not classified as an illness or disease, those who experience it have a magnified sense of life.
Little known conditions such as these highlight the brain’s many intricacies. Much has been learned about this organ and much remains to be discovered.
Sovereign Health Florida treats addictions, mental health disorders and behavioral disorders. If you would like further information, please call us at any time to speak with a member of our team, they will be happy to assist you.
Written by Sovereign Health Group writer, Veronica McNamara
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