The symptoms of bipolar disorder are mostly prolonged. In some cases, patients continue to experience symptoms even after being treated for the disorder at a mental health care center. While people may be aware of its common symptoms like sudden alterations in mood and energy levels, it is also necessary to know the categories of bipolar disorder.
The diagnostic manual categorizes this e ental condition into two types — bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder. Apart from this classification, experts say that other two categories of the disorder are classic and atypical bipolar problems. As opposed to bipolar symptoms that overlap, signs of mania and depression in patients suffering from classic bipolar are clearly distinct, with no scope of overlap between them. Owing to such patients’ greater response to lithium, psychologists call it Cade’s disease, in remembrance of the psychiatrist from Australian who discovered lithium.
Though it is not an official name, psychologists say atypical bipolar is marked by mixed states, instant cycling and incomplete recovery while switching between episodes of the disease. Medical practitioners prescribe anticonvulsants and atypical antipsychotics to patients suffering from this kind of bipolar, though their treatment with lithium cannot be completely ruled out. Those afflicted with atypical bipolar often manifest co-occurring anxiety and other mental disorders. Doctors prescribe psychotherapy to such patients to avoid the risks of antidepressants causing mood destabilizing behavior.
Explaining America’s bipolar problem
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), roughly 4.4 percent adults in the U.S. experience bipolar disorder at some point in their lives. The prevalence of the disorder among males (2.9 percent) and females (2.8 percent) are similar. The NIMH data also shows that an estimated 2.8 percent people aged 18 and above had bipolar disorder in the past year.
Bipolar I disorder can cause dramatic shifts in mood, known as manic episode and depressive episode. However, Bipolar I disorder is diagnosed when an individual goes through a manic episode. Common symptoms of manic episode are: exaggerated self-esteem, insomnia, talking loudly, doing many activities simultaneously, increased risky behaviors, and uncontrollable racing thoughts. On the other hand, patients with bipolar II disorder have at least one episode of major depression and one hypomanic episode. Individuals with this kind of bipolar disorder usually seek treatment because of depressive symptoms. Besides, people with bipolar II can have co-occurring mental problems like anxiety or drug addiction.
Road to recovery
If left untreated, bipolar disorders can get translated into frequent bouts of manic depression that may have severe ramifications. Though there is no pill or method to completely cure people affected by this disorder, evidence-based bipolar disorder treatment offered by Sovereign Health of Florida can provide necessary relief. Our bipolar treatment centers in Florida integrate methods, including medications and psychotherapy, to help patients regain a healthy life.
Timely intervention and efficacious behavioral therapy are recommended for effective treatment. The first step to recovery is realizing that you have a problem, and that help is at hand. Refraining from necessary treatment owing to the fear of stigma and discrimination, apart from social isolation, exacerbates existing conditions. If you or your loved one is suffering from the disorder and is looking for information about treatment facilities for bipolar disorder, call our 24/7 helpline. You may also get in touch with our online counselor for our bipolar residential treatment centers.
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